North African or Carthaginian elephant (Loxodonta africana pharaohensis) - existed in North Africa until complete destruction during the time of ancient Rome. Elephants were not tall (2.5 meters). Big ears and a curved back make them look like savannah elephants, the size of North African elephants was closer to the modern forest elephants (L. cyclotis). North African elephants were more capable of learning than their savannah relatives, which allowed the Carthaginians to tame them. North African elephants became extinct after the conquest of North Africa by Ancient Rome (until the IV century AD) due to excessive hunting for them in order to use animals in games of baiting.
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